how deep is the grand river ontario

During the 16th and 17th centuries, the Grand River valley was inhabited by the Iroquoian- speaking Attawandaron nation. The 1846 Gazetteer relates the history of the First Nations of the area as follows: "In 1784, Sir F. Haldimand ... granted to the Six Nations and their heirs for ever, a tract of land on the Ouse, or Grand River, six miles in depth on each side of the river, beginning at Lake Erie, and extending to the head of the river. © 1995-2020 Grand River Conservation Authority, 400 Clyde Road, PO Box 729, Cambridge ON, N1R 5W6. Environment and Climate Change Canada plays a role in the Provincial Flood Warning System through the Federal-Provincial Cost Share Agreement. The Grand River watershed consists of all the land that drains into the Grand River through tributary creeks and rivers such as the Conestogo, Speed, Eramosa, Irvine and Nith rivers. If you are traveling with a canine member of the family, this is a wonderful spot to spend a few days. This is the premier brown trout river in Ontario and is a fly fisherman’s dream. Brant led Mohawk from the Upper Castle and families of the other Six Nations to Upper Canada. At 6,800 square kilometres, it's about the same size as the province of Prince Edward Island. From its source near Wareham, Ontario, it flows south through Grand Valley, Fergus, Elora, Waterloo, Kitchener, Cambridge, Paris, Brantford, Caledonia, and Cayuga before emptying into the north shore of Lake Erie south of Dunnville at Port Maitland. Due to COVID 19 please practice social distancing if you choose to go fishing. But, most of the time, its pace is calm and its surface flatter than the fields of the prosperous farms that flank it. The picnic area is at the end point where your vehicle is parked. During the 1840s, they were among the tribes removed to Oklahoma and Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. This is your chance to own a piece of Nottawa's history. The Grand River is a tributary of Lake Erie, 102.7 miles (165.3 km) long, in northeastern Ohio in the United States. The Welland River (originally called the Chippawa Creek) is a river in the Golden Horseshoe that passes through the Southern Ontario cities of Welland and Niagara Falls. The Grand River drainage basin is approximately 6000 square kilometers of both warm and cold water streams that are inhabited by a large population of freshwater species. Historical accounts differ on exactly how the Neutral tribe was wiped out. Leave the hustle and bustle of city roads behind you. This chart will help you understand the significance of various flows levels. From Lake Timiskaming, the river flows southeast to Ottawa and Gatineau, where it tumbles over Chaudière Falls … Public tenders and requests for proposals, Four major rivers feed into the Grand: the Conestogo, Nith, Speed and Eramosa, The combined length of all of the rivers and streams is about 11,000 kilometres. It was a scoured-out channel in the earth that drained off glacial melt water. Without consultation or giving the Iroquois a place in negotiations, the British ceded their land in New York to the new United States. Loyalists from New York, New England and the South were settled in this area, as the Crown hoped they would create new towns and farms on the frontier. After the American War of Independence, the Crown purchased land from the Mississaugas in Upper Canada to award as grants to Loyalist refugees as compensation for their property losses in the colonies. Caught in between, the Neutrals paid dearly for their refusal to ally. Much of the basin is flat, and it contains many swamps and lakes. The Niagara River (/ n aɪ ˈ æ ɡ ər ə / ny-AG-ər-ə) is a river that flows north from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario.It forms part of the border between the province of Ontario in Canada (on the west) and the state of New York in the United States (on the east). In some cases, only a portion of the municipality is within the Grand River watershed. The Grand Valley Dam, located near the village of Belwood, helps to control the flow of water, especially during periods of spring flooding. A 1775 map shows it as Urse, a name which also appeared on a 1708 map and on Bellin’s Carte des Lacs of 1744. The Grand River is a short walk from the house and is a protected area of well-maintained trails. From there its route has been used to define the interprovincial border with Ontario. The Grand River is the largest river that is entirely within southern Ontario's boundaries. In southern Ontario, the Grand River winds scenically southward past high bluffs and wide floodplains. When you do the rafting trip, you are given a map with a white line that shows the deepest parts of the river. The topography here was shaped by glaciers that pushed their accumulations of earth and stone into small hills and hollows. The Grand River flows south-south-east. At 6,800 square kilometres, it's about the same size as the province of Prince Edward Island. It has moving water with 7 easy swifts and rapids. As a result, parts of the site may not function properly for you. River levels and flows can change rapidly. Though the Six Nations (by then including the Tuscarora) held the territory by right of conquest, they did not settle it, apart from a limited presence on the northern and western shores of Lake Ontario. Warning! The river is wide enough for canoes and kayaks to share, and as we set out on our urban-paddle we feel worlds away. The source of the Ottawa River is Lake Capimitchigama in the Laurentian Mountains, approximately 240 km north of Ottawa and 290 km northwest of Montreal. The Grand River starts in the Dufferin Highlands at an elevation of 525 metres (1,722 feet) above sea level. Because the Grand River averages less then a meter deep in most spots… enjoyable for non-swimmers. The Grand River discharges an average 3,800 ft³/s (107.5 m³/s). Its watershed is the largest in Southern Ontario, flowing from the headwaters in Dundalk to Lake Erie. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the region attracted waves of immigrants to its fertile lands: Scots and Irish in the north, Mennonites and Germans in the central area and United Empire Loyalists in the south. Cities, towns and villages make up about five per cent of the land. It's home to close to one million people and includes the cities of Brantford, Cambridge, Guelph, Kitchener and Waterloo. When the French explorers and Coureurs de bois came to the region in search of fur and other items of value to Europeans, the Grand River Valley was among the last areas of southern Ontario to be explored. Southern Ontario’s longest river stretches 280 km. The province’s longest river flowing entirely within southern Ontario boundaries is a 174-mile-long designated Canadian Heritage River. It flows south about 310 kilometres (193 miles) to Lake Erie at Port Maitland, which is about 174 metres (571 feet) above sea level. In 1792, Simcoe tried to change the name of Grande Riviere to Ouse, after a river in England and the Thomas Ridout map of 1821 shows "Grand R or Ouse". Download a Reservoir operationsfactsheet to learn more about how we manage the dams and reservoirs (PDF). 4 in the province behind the Ottawa, St. Lawrence and Albany. Fishing the Grand river in the upper sections. [5][6] The Speed River joins the Grand in Cambridge. "[14], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}42°51′19″N 79°34′40″W / 42.85528°N 79.57778°W / 42.85528; -79.57778, "The Watershed: Ever-changing Grand River", "The Watershed: Crashing and banging down the Conestogo", "The Watershed: Life and death on the Nith River", "The Watershed: Paddling Eramosa, the 'little gem, "The Watershed: Speed River comes back to life", "The other Elora Gorge - Ancient gorge causes frustrations for well diggers", A Map: the Six Nations' opinion of the location of the disputed 1784 Haldimand Tract, Canadian Council for Geographic Education page with a series of articles on the history of the Grand River, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Grand_River_(Ontario)&oldid=998325735, Rivers of the Regional Municipality of Waterloo, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2008, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2008, Articles with dead external links from January 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 21:50. [7], With a watershed area of 7,000 square kilometres (2,700 sq mi), the Grand River flows from Dundalk to Lake Erie with numerous tributaries flowing into it:[8], The Conestogo River joins the Grand at the village of Conestogo just north of Waterloo. Today but a small portion remains under Six Nations control. Agricultural pollutants include cattle feces, urine, fertilizers, and pesticides. In gratitude for their assistance during the war, the Crown awarded the Iroquois land in Upper Canada. We recommend updating your browser to its most recent version at your earliest convenience. Its headwaters are near Dundalk in the north. The Grand River starts in the highlands in Dufferin County and travels about 310 km before emptying into Lake Erie. The consensus is that the Seneca and the Mohawk nations of the Iroquois destroyed the smaller Neutral tribe in the 17th century, in the course of attacking and severely crippling the Huron/Wyandot. It was later renamed as Ouse River by John Graves Simcoe for the River Great Ouse near his childhood home in Lincolnshire on the east coast of England. The Grand River watershed is the largest in southern Ontario and includes all the land drained by the Grand River and its tributaries. The Grand River is an Ontario heritage river. [citation needed] It can be presumed that many of their descendants are still living there today. The Grand River Conservation Authority assumes no responsibility for the correctness of the information contained in this website nor liability to any user of such information, regardless of the purpose. Tel: 519-621-2761. There are moments of great drama when it squeezes through deep gorges and drops across steep rock faces. In 1784 the British Crown awarded to the Six Nations the "Haldimand Tract",[12] a tract of land "six miles deep from each side of the river beginning at Lake Erie and extending in that proportion to the [source] of the said river. It was during this warfare that the Iroquois attacked the Jesuit outpost of Sainte-Marie among the Hurons. COVID 19. For indigenous people, who called it O:se Kenhionhata:tie or Willow River, the river itself was an important thoroughfare. Dave Rogalsky | Eastern Canada Correspondent . December 4, 2017 | Web First. Phil Monture, Six Nations land claims researcher, speaks at 50 Kent Avenue in Kitchener, Ont., on Oct. 26, about the Haldimand Tract that was promised to Six Nations in the late 1700s. The Six Nations of the Grand River and the Mississaugasof the New Credit First Nation have a strong presence to this day. One of the scenic and spectacular features of the river is the falls and Gorge at Elora. [9] Luther Marsh, a 52-square-kilometre wetland on the upper Grand, is one of the largest inland wetlands in southern Ontario and provides habitat for waterfowl, including least bittern and black tern, and amphibians. The Grand River watershed covers an area approximately the size of Prince Edward Island and is managed by the Grand River Conservation Authority, the oldest water management authority in Canada. The river traces a westward arc through lakes and reservoirs including Dozois Reservoir, Grand lac Victoria, Lac Granet, Decelles Reservoir, Lac Simard and Lake Timiskaming. Warfare throughout the frontier of the Mohawk Valley had resulted in massacres and atrocities on both sides, aggravating anti-Iroquois feelings among the colonists. There’s the occasional fly fisherman, standing waist deep, casting a line that ribbons through the air like a slow-motion lasso. Ontario’s 36 Conservation Authorities collectively own and operate over 500 Conservation Areas with a total area of more than 150,000 hectares, making Conservation Authorities one of the largest property owners in the Province. At five to six metres wide and more that 13 metres deep, Devil’s Well, found within Rockwood Conservation Area on the Eramosa River, may be the world’s largest glacial pothole. The Nith River joins the Grand in Paris.[4]. The Mingo were among tribes who later fought the Americans in the Northwest Indian Wars for the Ohio Valley (1774–95). It was also called Brant's Town. Apart from large numbers of Tuscarora and Oneida, who mainly allied with the American colonists, the other four nations of the Iroquois Confederacy sided with the British during the American War of Independence. The Haldimand Tract is a parcel of land 6 miles on either side of the Grand River from its mouth to its source. over a year ago The Grand River watershed is the largest in southern Ontario and includes all the land drained by the Grand River and its tributaries. In later wars between Britain and France, the Caughnawaga people, many of whom had converted to Catholicism, were allies of the French. Six miles deep. Because the watershed is an ecosystem with natural borders, it includes and crosses many municipal boundaries and can be considered a transitional area between Southwestern Ontario and the Golden Horseshoe region that surrounds the west end of Lake Ontario. [citation needed] In 1674 identifiable groups of Neutrals were recorded among its population. The Iroquois League in New York then was neutral or sided with the British. The Grand River winds through the historic heartland of Ontario. Since the French worked closely with their Native allies in the acquisition of fur and trading of European goods for it, they went only where the natives resided. Evidence of the "buried gorge" of the previous river has been found when wells have been drilled. From Lake Timiskaming, it flows southeast, growing broad and forceful, widening into marshy lakes before constricting into turbulent rapids. Beautifully updated 3 bedroom, 1.5 bathroom Dunnville 2 storey on premium 189 deep lot on quiet secondary street. Step Into Nature at Ontario’s Conservation Areas. After the war, Six Nations leader Joseph Brant appealed to the British Crown for help, as they had promised aid for allies. The watershed is also an intensive agricultural area, with farms making up about 70 per cent of the watershed. The watershed includes 39 municipalities and two First Nations territories. The river reaches great depths of nearly 460 feet in some places. Grand River - Ontario Canada. Six Nations is the most populous First Nation in Canada, with about 13,000 residents living on an 18,800 hectare territory near Brantford. The Grand River watershed is home to the Six Nations of the Grand River Territory and the Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation. The GRCA offers a variety of maps and data resources directly from the Grand River Information Network (GRIN) website. The Grand River valley has been home to Indigenous peoples for more than 10,000 years. It also lies along the western fringe of the Greater Golden Horseshoe region of Ontario which overlaps the eastern portion of southwestern Ontario, sometimes referred to as Midwestern Ontario, along the length of this river. To survive, remnants of The Neutral tribe migrated in 1667 to La Prairie (Caughnawaga or Kahnawake), a Catholic mission settlement just south of Montreal that was occupied primarily by converted Mohawk who had migrated north from New York. It is also an important staging area during bird migrations. They managed to avoid such bloodshed until the American Revolution (1775–83). Fishing in the Grand River is very popular. 7578 36/37 nottawasaga sideroad, nottawa, Ontario l0m1p0 . The Wyandot, another distinct Iroquoian-speaking nation, who resided northeast of the Grand River valley, had long competed to remain independent of their enemy the Iroquois Confederacy, a powerful alliance of five nations based around the Great Lakes in the present central and western New York state area. Others followed from around the world. Its upper reaches are known for world-class fishing for brown trout; paddling is popular all along the river; and the most extensive system of hiking trails in Ontario winds along its banks. An explorers' map in 1669 showed the River as being called the Tinaatuoa or Riviere Rapide. The Jesuits abandoned the mission after many Wyandot and numerous priests were killed here. Neutral descendants are among the people now known as the Seneca in Oklahoma. Other 18th Century names were Oswego and Swaogeh. From the rural areas and small towns of the Otta… Prior to the most recent glaciation—the Laurentide—an earlier river flowed through a gorge roughly parallel to the current Grand River. The Mohawk name for the Grand River, O:se Kenhionhata:tie means "Willow River," for the many willows in the watershed. Settlements were popping up all over Southern Ontario, and many colonists coveted the prize Grand River Valley. And some smaller portions have been either granted in fee simple to purchasers with the assent of the Indians, or have been alienated by the chiefs upon leases; which, although legally invalid, the government did not at the time consider it equitable or expedient to cancel. It flows from its source just south of Hamilton, Ontario to meet the Niagara River History. They were later given the name "Neutral Nation" by European settlers, as they refused to side with either the French or the English during their conflicts in the area. Located in the so-called economic Golden Triangle of southern Ontario, the Reserve is vulnerable to toxic pollution from industry in upstream cities such as Kitchener and Waterloo. Big brown trout will rise up for size 18 to 22 dry flies and will gorge themselves on nymphs 10 feet from you. GRIN guides you to various interactive viewing and data download tools to help you quickly find the information you need. ( videos compliments of Dave Barrett from Fly Fish Ontario) Vince on the Grand River with a Beautiful Brown Trout. The Grand River starts in the highlands in Dufferin County and travels about 310 km before emptying into Lake Erie. The river's mostly rural character (even when flowing through the edges of Waterloo and Kitchener), ease of access and lack of portages make it a desirable canoeing location, especially the stretch between West Montrose and Paris. Even after the English conquered New France in 1760 during the Seven Years' War, the Grand River Valley remained largely unoccupied[citation needed] and largely uncharted. Ontario’s Grand River is the largest of the Great Lakes tributaries that flow through the South Central part of the province. We don't know about accommodation, as we are guests in a private home, but we have enjoyed some wonderful small town experiences, including karaoke night at the Sidelines pub. The Iroquois were unwelcome in the newly created nation. Across Ontario you’ll find nearly 300 just waiting to be explored. In 1784, the British Crown gave Six Nations the Haldimand Tract – land "six miles deep" on each side of the Grand River. The Six Nations reserve south of Brantford, Ontario is what remains of the Haldimand Tract. The Grand River has Southern Ontario's largest watershed.[2][3][4][5][6]. The watershed crosses four climate zones: Dundalk Upland, Huron Slopes, South Slopes and Lake Erie counties. Not far from Hamilton and Highway 403, the Grand River Route takes you for a leisurely cruise along the scenic Grand River, one of our few Canadian Heritage Rivers. The dam, completed in 1942, is commonly referred to as Shand Dam, named for a local family who were displaced by filling of the dam's reservoir, Lake Belwood. Report Ad. The area's rich history is reflected in the watershed's historic sit… See here to see a video of swallows feeding on The Grand River – Ontario. It crosses two forest regions: the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence and Deciduous (commonly called the Carolinian forest). Its watershed is the second-largest in the state, draining an area of 5,572 square miles (14,430 km 2), including 18 counties and 158 townships. This grant was confirmed, and its conditions defined, by a patent under the Great Seal, issued by Lieutenant Governor Simcoe, and bearing date January 14, 1793...The original extent of the tract was 694,910 acres, but the greater part of this has been since surrendered to the Crown, in trust, to be sold for the benefit of these tribes. Throughout the 19th century, many Anglo-Canadian settlements developed along the Grand within former Six Nations territory, including Waterloo, Berlin (now Kitchener), Cambridge, Paris, Brantford, Caledonia, Dunnville and Port Maitland. 6 days ago. They first settled at what is present-day Brantford, where Brant crossed, or ‘forded’ the Grand River. The Grand Valley Trail stretches 275 km along the river's valley between the town of Dundalk and Lake Erie. Via Lake Erie, the Niagara River and Lake Ontario, it is part of the watershed of the St. Lawrence River, which flows to the Atlantic Ocean. Six Nations Wildlife Management has assumed a role in caring for the Grand River's more sluggish, lower reaches. The Iroquois were seeking to dominate the lucrative fur trade with the Europeans. Ontario . [3] The Eramosa River joins the Speed River in Guelph. The river owes its size to the unusual fact that its source is relatively close to the Georgian Bay of Lake Huron, yet it flows southwards to Lake Erie, rather than westward to the closer Lake Huron or northward to Georgian Bay (most southern Ontario rivers flow into the nearest Great Lake, which is why most of them are small), thus giving it more distance to take in more water from tributaries. (Photo by Dave Rogalsky) The community room at 50 Kent Ave. in Kitchener had standing room only on Oct. 26, … The importance of the watershed (7000 square kilometers or 2600 square miles) has been recognized by the designation of the Grand as a Canadian Heritage River. Remnants of the past confederacy live today throughout New York state, some on federally recognized reservations. Listed below is a description of the tools and information you can access via GRIN. Hikers sit on the bank, taking a break to breathe in some tranquility. It drains an area of 712 mi² (1844 km²). During the 16th and 17th centuries, the Grand River valley was inhabited by the Iroquoian- speaking Attawandaron nation. Literally every species of fish that inhabits Southern Ontario can be caught in the river system. Lane writes that the Grand was more than 100 feet deep in places. Nestled in the heartland of the most populated part of Canada, the Grand River is important for recreation and tourism. They were later given the name "Neutral Nation" by European settlers, as they refused to side with either the French or the English during their conflicts in the area. Other descendants of the Neutrals may have joined the Mingo, a loose confederacy of peoples who moved west in the 1720s, fleeing lands invaded by Iroquois, and settled in present-day Ohio. In the 19th century, many new immigrants came to Upper Canada from England, Scotland, Ireland and Germany seeking opportunity. Critical flows. [10] Simcoe failed because the name Grand River had been in common usage for some time by then.[11]. Six Nations of the Grand River, Ontario, Canada (43.05225-80.11192) Coordinates : 42.97934 -80.24329 43.13079 -79.97663 - Minimum elevation : 189 m - Maximum elevation : 263 m - Average elevation : 215 … Not all members of the Six Nations moved north. Rather than finding water-bearing bedrock at a depth of a dozen metres or less, the path of the buried gorge can be found with overburden of dozens of metres. That way, as you are rafting, you have less chance of having to get out and pull your raft/canoe over the shallower parts. A similar number of members live "off reserve". A portion of this tract near Caledonia, Ontario is the basis for the 2006 Caledonia land dispute, in which the Six Nations filed a land claim with the government. After the desolation of the Neutral tribe, the Iroquois Confederacy used the Grand River Valley as a hunting ground and trapping territory. There are differing theories as to the origin of the river's name. The Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation have a population of about 2,500 people, many living "off reserve". Start point is about 2 km above Glen Morris. It ranks No. "[13] Much of this land was later sold or otherwise lost to the Six Nations. Because different nations were on different sides in this war, it was difficult for the Iroquois nations to adhere to the Great Law of Peace and avoid killing each other. The d’Anville map of 1755 shows the river Tinaatuoa but adds the words Grande River at its mouth. The paddle is through a pristine wilderness setting, no stores along the way. It appears you are trying to access this site using an outdated browser. The anglicized form of the French name has remained in common use. The river averages about 1 meter in depth with 2 meter deep pools in this section. The Upper Grand River. The Grand River has been designated as a Canadian Heritage River, both for its rich history and ecological importance. It’s about 1 metre (average) depth. During the 18th century, the French colonists named it Grande-Rivière. Grand River Information Network. A number of conservation areas have been established along the river, and are managed by the Grand River Conservation Authority. Extensively renovated in 2018 with quality... realtor.ca . $ 1,549,000 . The Six Nations of Grand River are seeking compensation as well as an accounting of what happened to their property, money and other assets in southwestern Ontario, within the Haldimand Tract. The Grand River (French: La Rivière Grand; Mohawk: Kenhionhata:tie) formerly known as The River Ouse is a large river in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. A portion of the funding for this data collection network is provided by the Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry. About a million people live within the watershed, with most residing in the larger urban areas of Kitchener, Waterloo, Guelph, Cambridge and Brantford. Between Cambridge and Paris, the Grand River Forest runs along the river valley for 20 kilometres. Cambridge, Guelph, Kitchener and Waterloo mission after many Wyandot and numerous priests were killed.. Trying to access this site using an outdated browser includes 39 municipalities two... Towns and villages make up about five per cent of the Grand River starts in the highlands! Erie counties not all members of the other Six Nations reserve South of Brantford, Cambridge on, N1R.! 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River history, or how deep is the grand river ontario forded ’ the Grand River had been common... The site how deep is the grand river ontario not function properly for you British ceded their land in Upper from! From there its route has been home to close to one million people and includes all land... Slow-Motion lasso most spots… enjoyable for non-swimmers sideroad, nottawa, Ontario to meet Niagara. Beautifully updated 3 bedroom, 1.5 bathroom Dunnville 2 storey on premium 189 deep lot on secondary... With about 13,000 residents living on an 18,800 hectare Territory near Brantford crosses...

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