why did stalin win the power struggle

This goal was very simple, and easy to relate and spread throughout Russia. They all thought that they were deserving candidates with so thinking that they were untouchable and were destined to lead USSR . Essay 2999 Words | 12 Pages. Also, Stalin only placed members in the party, who were loyal to him. He won the struggle due to a number of factors; the most significant of factors perhaps was not to do with his own strength but the weaknesses and fatal errors made by his worthy and perfectly capable opponents. The publication of the letter was published straight after Lenin's death and therefore led readers of the "Pravda" to believe that Trotsky was attacking Lenin when the country were mourning their beloved leader. Stalin knocked out all other party members along the way even those who were considered to be his friend. Stalin did this by using his control of the party appointments to his advantage, as well as the 1921 ban on faction and the fears and jealousies within the party. This seemingly smooth transition, however, masked a growing power struggle between Malenkov and Nikita Khruschev. They consisted of Tsarists who wanted the Tsar and the old system of government back, people that wanted a military dictatorship, and liberals that wanted a constitutional monarchy like that of Great Britain. He was liked by the people of Russia and was the genious behind the Red Army in the Civil War. ...read more. Don't have an account yet? Lenin’s Testament criticised all the leading candidates e.g. He used to come to Moscow and demand things from officials- who ignored him. The combination of new Communist members being poorly educated and easy to control and Stalin's skills of manipulation meant his support base was ever growing, unlike his rivals'. ...read more. Those who showed a tolerance to factionalism could be expelled from the party. Alliances performed an extremely important role in the leadership struggle. It was not just Trotsky of the Communist Party that made fatal errors. Trotsky seemed to hold the most powerful position, thanks to his close friendship with Lenin before the Soviet leader's strokes, but an opposition had already begun to emerge. Alliances or Trotsky was constantly undermining Stalin's attempts to obtain power and never took him seriously. Many believe Stalin’s rise to power began when he met Vladimir Lenin. The factories and industries were put into the hands of the workers. Several factors fall under this category. Although Lenin was in power for only six years much change occurred during this time impacting on Russia and its people. In 1921 Stalin helped plan the invasion of Georgia which was the source for his negative policies towards the country. In this essay, I will explain the many reasons why Stalin won the struggle for power. Stalin was a very shrewd manipulator. e.g. This essay will analyze Stalin’s rise to power through the study of four main elements, which can be denominated as situation in the USSR, Stalin’s personal strength, the weaknesses of Stalin’s enemies and the role of luck and opportunities. Log in now! Created by teachers, our study guides highlight the really important stuff you need to know. However he wasn't fully communist and his commitment must be questioned. Trotsky was liked by the Russian people and he was the 'organising genius behind the Red Army during the Civil War'. They all wanted different kinds of government for Russia, thus not having a common aim. Simply because Lenin could talk- but Stalin could (and very often did) kill. Why did Stalin win the power struggle in the communist party after Lenin's death? When Lenin died in January of 1924, he left behind no clear successor, and vague indications of his intended plans for the Bolshevik party. Learn more. Stalin's first taste of real power in the Communist Party was in April 1922 when he was assigned the role of General Secretary. Due to the lack of one leader, a group of strong figures emerged known as the "Collective Leadership". Not the one? Traditionally, the ideas of Communism oppose those of bureaucracy. All the factors can also be linked in one way or another, as shall be seen in this answer. a major struggle for power in the Soviet Union began. Revision tasks included. When Lenin died he left no clear successor to lead the Communist Party. In 1922 the leader of the Communist Party in the Soviet Union (CPSU), Vladimir Lenin, appointed Joseph Stalin as the General Secretary of the CPSU, which was a job that at the time no person with power wanted, so a … This could not remain however and one had to take the position as party leader, therefore resulting in the "struggle to power". In addition, they didn't see Stalin as much of a threat and... ...Stalin’s victory in the power struggle for leadership of the USSR after Lenin’s death: By not turning up, Trotsky's reputation was damaged. Why did Stalin win the Struggle for Power? The Whites, on the other hand, were made up of many opponents of the Reds. Stalin’s command would prove one of the goriest recorded in history. A triumvirate led by Joseph Stalin succeeded Lenin. In 1921 a resolution was passed banning all groups within the party from putting forward ideas that disagreed with the official party policy. He told a large meeting of fascists from Southern Italy that "either. Use of Lenin’s work Secondly, the alliances allowed Stalin to deal with his opponents in turn: in 1924, the Triumvirate was able to defeat Trotsky; in 1927, The Duumvirate dealt with Zinoviev and Kamenev. Create one now! Instead of studying theology and the Bible, he embrac… However he teamed up with Stalin during 1925. The Term Paper on Stalin’s Rise to Power. Trotsky was liked by the Russian people and he was the 'organising genius behind the Red Army during the Civil War'. It is an incredible burden'. a. Alliances ...The factors that contributed to Stalin becoming the next leader are plentiful and can mostly be divided into Stalin’s own strengths and the weaknesses of his most important rival, Trotsky. Explain which one you think is the most significant factor. The defeat of the Right Deviation - Why did Stalin win the struggle for power? His violent childhood, misguided early life and the death of his first wife caused him to lose all sense of emotion turning him into a vicious competitor in the Communist Party. Factor 1: The Ban on Factionalism. They all thought that they were deserving candidates with so thinking that they were untouchable and were destined to lead USSR . Favourite answer. But how is it that Stalin emerged as the new leader of the Soviet Union. When Lenin died, he left no clear successor to lead the Communist Party. The Russian Civil War raged from 1918 until the start of 1921. Kameniev and Zinoviev, two key members were also blind to the forthcoming attack of Stalin. Please join StudyMode to read the full document. Leon Trotsky seemed to have the stronghold as he had a close relationship with Lenin. One of the most important reasons why Stalin won the power struggle is that he used his high positions in the Communist party and the power that came with it to his advantage. First, the alliances allowed Stalin to stay in the background while the other contenders fought each other in public. He was ethnically Georgian, but Georgia was part of the Tsarist Russian Empire. However Trotsky didn't just remain silent on the matter, he also persuaded his supporters to keep Stalin as General Secretary. Page 1 of 6 - About 51 essays. The Communist Party in the 1920’s, Stalin’s Rise to Power and the Defeat of His Rivals. Lenin described him as being over confidant, similarly to a number of historians who pointed out that Trotsky simply assumed he would automatically be Lenin's successor. Search for your essay title... AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945. Stalin acted as Lenin’s connection with the outside world and he visited him a lot. At this point the road is partly clear for Stalin as he is gaining support from all those who will elect the leader to replace Lenin when he dies. If Trotsky had taken his knowledge of Lenin's views on Stalin to the Central Committee, Stalin would've probably been removed from power. After Lenin's death Trotsky made mistakes which allowed Stalin to win the struggle for power. Nothing Lenin said or did mattered either- Lenin had been cut off from power long before he actually died. Stalin went behind Lenin’s back and with the help of his new alliances with two men named Lev Kamenev and Grigory Zinoviev he was able to keep Lenin’s testament from getting to the Twelfth... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes, How Gender Roles Are Represented Within Harry Potter. Riefenstahl - The Propagandist or Artist? He was aware that failure to act quickly may encourage the Ras to act independently so on 24th October, in an attempt to reassure the extreme of the party he went public with his plans for an uprising. He was Lenin's right hand man, but a close second was Stalin. In my opinion, it was Trotsky's downfalls that secured Stalin's position of power. Download with Google Download with Facebook. Let us not forget that when Lenin wanted Stalin to be fired Zinoviev saved Stalin from getting the sack, meaning Stalin was in debt to Zinoviev. TurnItIn – the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: Want to read the rest? Essay by Tomst7, A, June 2003 . She has never been able to shake the shadows of her past, she has been quoted as saying: 'I've suffered for half a century. The Bolsheviks were surrounded, and often outnumbered by their opponents. He very cleverly switched between the left wing and the right wing, by making alliances with one wing the suddenly breaking with them, only to join the other wing, going against everything that they had just achieved. These three were to form the, ‘troika’ and when Lenin’s death neared they were to jointly attack Trotsky. Furthermore, the Whites were spread out over entirety of the vast nation. © 2003 - 2015 Marked by Teachers. Though Lenin was not worried about what his colleagues thought of him but more about the goal in hand. Why did Stalin win?Throughout the summer of 1923 it was apparent that Lenin’s reign was coming to an end and this overshadowed the political struggle however in the Politburo and central committee battle lines were forming. How did Stalin win the struggle for power after 1924? By 1928, Stalin had assumed absolute power, ruling as an often brutal dictator until his death in 1953. This could not remain however and one had to take the position as party leader, therefore resulting in the "struggle to power". Why did Stalin win the struggle for power, 1924-1929? It seemed so obvious that there only was one man to take over Lenin's reign - Trotsky. Overview In November 1917, Lenin s Bolsheviks took power in a revolution which had the backing of large numbers of industrial workers and soldiers. During this time the Bolsheviks faced massive opposition to their rule in the form of the White Armies, led by the former officers of the Tsarist state, and also from intervention by the forces of foreign countries. Keywords Job, Soviet Union, AIM, achieving, Stalin. I also think that Stalin's political skills aided his arise but by no means secured his position as leader. ...read more. Stalin’s race to become the all mighty ruler fully started after Lenin died of a stroke on the 21st of January 1924. After the death of Lenin in 1924, Stalin ultimately won the leadership contest to rule Russia.He used different methods to do this, including using the power he had from his position as general secretary, playing his rivals off against each other, and using a pragmatic approach to win. This led to misconceptions in... ...How did Joseph Stalin Rise to Power? It also resulted in many expulsions: during the power struggles of the 1920s those who succeeded in getting their ideas accepted were quick to accuse their opponents of factionalism. Secondly, Trotsky arose on the scene of the power struggle much earlier than Stalin, and allowed Stalin to bide his time and attack at his convenience. This victory can be attributed to the party’s aims, leadership, geography, and support. Trotsky was his main rival. Because of this, he didn't appear to work hard enough in blocking Stalin's attempts or building a loyal support base. This is why I believe that if Trotsky and Stalin's other main rivals had been a little more aware, Stalin would've by no means been able to take position as dictator of Russia. The power of the Bolsheviks were extremly uncertain (famine. fact that many of the other politicians were very straight forward and stuck to their principles. When Lenin died in January of 1924, he left behind no clear successor, and vague indications of … Trotsky, Zinoviev and Kamenev all st… Let me answer very shortly. Krupskaya gave Lenin's secret testament to the Central Committee, but Zinoviev and Kamenev didn't it let become public knowledge as not only did it show Stalin as a bad leader, but also Zinoviev and Kamenev didn't look too good in the testament. Two years later, Stalin again used his power as... ...History Essay: Why Stalin Not Trotsky Stalin persuaded the rest of the party to keep Lenin's Will and Testament private( not reveal to public) because inside the will, Lenin wrote that he did not trust Stalin. Why Was Stalin Able to Defeat His Political Rivals so Easily in the Years 1924-29? Nicholas Surry. By 1929 one of these leaders, Stalin had become a dominant force. Too many fatal mistakes were made by his rivals which seemed to happen at perfect timing. With Lenin gone, Stalin started to eliminate the other members of the Communist Party: Trotsky, Zinoviev, Kamenev, Rykov, Tomsky and Bukharin. The two rivals who wanted to lead the communist party were Leon Trotsky and ... Join over 1.2 million students every month, Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month. The job description for the General Secreatary was to organise such matters. After the revolution, the Bolsheviks (renamed the Russian Therefore Stalin constantly had the upper hand in political affairs. But as Lenin’s condition grew worse, Stalin’s thirst for leadership began to bubble and he began showing signs of a dictator. However, dealing with the complexities of government forced the party into becoming more centralised. Why Did Stalin Win The Struggle To Power? In 1924, it was Zinoviev and Kamenev who openly battled with Trotsky, while in 1927, it was Bukharin who spoke out against the United Opposition. Lv 7. When Lenin died in 1924 his most likely successor was Trotsky. 3. he described Stalin as ‘not being able to use power with sufficient caution’ and Trotsky for ‘excessive self assurance’. How did Stalin win the Power Struggle? Along with Trotsky, Zinoviev and Kameniev failed to fight for the publication of Lenin's testament: a vital factor in showing the weaknesses of Stalin as a leader. When he first met Lenin he showed enormous support for his ideas and for the party. What was the struggle for power after Lenin's death about? One of the main reasons as to why Stalin came to power and not Trotsky, was that Trotsky did not attend Lenin’s funeral. However, the reason why everyone agreed was because there were also criticisms of the entire party. b. Prioritisation of world revolution (particularly by Trotsky) and criticism of the bureaucratisation of the party were also concerns of the left, but the NEP is the main issue. Why Did Stalin Win The Power Struggle In 1924 9 Essays. In simple terms: 1. the Left desired rapid industrialisation and collectivisation of agriculture: in other words, the abandonment of the NEP. Learn the basics with our essay writing guide. He wrote himself "A great writer has the potential to inspire thousands of orators." download word file, 6 pages, 4.0. He was only fifty-three. Bukharin was still regarded highly by the Party, even though his policies were rejected. At times, their situation seemed hopeless. General Secretary of the Party for example. Consequences: or. The party decided to have a General Secretary... ...end grew nearer, there were five potential leaders, Bukharin, Kamenev, Zinoviev, Trotsky and Stalin. It is essential to understand the debate over policy and the future direction of the Soviet Union. Though, Lenin was also rude to his colleagues that he found incompetent. His success was the result of a power struggle. Stalin made the first move by orating at Lenin’s funeral, establishing the link between him and Lenin. c. Stalin’s position in the party Stalin was able to succeed the power struggle through the flaws of his biggest opposition, Trotsky. Why did Stalin win the struggle for power in 1923 – 9? In 1921 the implementation of the Ban on Factionalism meant that if anyone was to disobey or not comply with official party policy were to be expelled, and this later would play a part in the power struggle.. On January 21, 1924, Lenin died. 9 years ago. Of course, Stalin realised this and how much of a threat it would be to him, and so it was he who persuaded the party to outvote Trotsky. This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section. First he tricked Trotsky into turning up to Lenin's funeral on a wrong later date. His success was the result of a power struggle. Why Stalin was Able to Win the Power Struggle with Trotsky The Bolsheviks, the ruling party of the Soviet Union, was lead by the Lenin. Get Full Access Now 8 Answers. In 1925, Trotsky was forced to resign as Commissar for War. Khrushchev had been active … Already have an account? GCSE resources with teacher and student feedback, AS and A Level resources with teacher and student feedback, International Baccalaureate resources with teacher and student feedback, University resources with teacher and student feedback. Why Did Stalin Win The Struggle For Power?. Finally, Stalin’s alliances allowed him to maintain a majority support in the Politburo and because of this, Stalin was always part of the government and never associated with an opposition group. Tough GCSE topics broken down and explained by out team of expert teachers, Learn the art of brilliant essay writing with help from our teachers, Get your head around tough topics at A-level with our teacher written guides, Start writing remarkable essays with guidance from our expert teacher team, Understand the tough topics in IB with our teacher written Study Guides, Learn the art of brilliant essay writing from our experienced teachers, Struggling with an assignment? Compare the characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin Both Vladimir Lenin and Joseph ... .Compare the Characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin. Stalin was to be Trotsky’s most fierce competitor, but at that time there were others including Lev Kamenev and G.E.Zinoviev who were close to Lenin during the revolution and had aided him greatly so they too were seen as competitors. I believe that the centralised nature of the Communist party that begun under Lenin made it much more easy to control. In this way, Stalin avoided himself from unimportant quarreling and increased the respect of the party. * She was abandoned by her former friends, denounced by film historians and the press. However in the background there was opposition growing. One claimed "Trotsky considered it beneath his dignity to engage actively in a struggle to power." A group of leaders emerged; a ‘collective leadership’. Trotsky was away in the Caucasus that month, and Stalin telegraphed him and said that the funeral would be held immediately, so there was no point in undertaking the long trip back to Moscow. They were well organized, keeping strict control on their resources. Why Stalin was Able to Win the Power Struggle with Trotsky 1659 Words | 7 Pages. Trotsky was an extremely clever man and a great writer. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Significantly, Stalin did not succeed in completely destroying Bukharin’s authority by 1928. The Bolsheviks, commonly known as the Reds, had one aim: to take over the current government and create a socialist Russia. Factor 2: A Centralised Party Machine. All Rights Reserved. Famine and fear killed millions of people; in addition, millions more found themselves committed to imprisonment in the horrifying Siberian gulags (the punishing system of... ...Why did the Bolsheviks win the Russian Civil War? After noticing Stalin’s rude behavior, addiction to power and ambition Lenin stated in his testament that Stalin should be removed from his title as general secretary and that if Stalin should inherit leadership it would be disastrous. It appears that Trotsky's self assured nature had blinded him to Stalin's consistent plans. The letter spoke badly of Lenin as at the time the letter was written, Trotsky and Lenin were in opposing parties. How Russia went from a workers' state to state capitalism Why did Stalin rise to power? The main reason for this was to make life harder for Trotsky. This meant that they never really took a different approach even though Stalin did. However dealing with the complexities of government forced the party into becoming more centralised. Stalin’s growth in ideological prestige increased his popularity and strengthened his image as the true Lenin heir. Anybody that didn't agree with this would be discluded by Stalin himself. Bukharin became an enemy of Stalin in 1928 and delayed Bukharin's plane so he missed an important meeting. Stalin made Lenin's funeral the centre stage for his plotting. Leni Riefenstahl The Propagandist or Artist? When Lenin died, the Politburo proclaimed their intention to impose a collective leadership, but behind the scenes they were competing with each other. Yet, by the start of 1921, the Bolsheviks had defeated their enemies and gained a complete victory. Trotsky was one of Stalin’s major competitors for the title of all ruling leader, however even he could not stop this man of steel, a name that Stalin quite fittingly gave to himself as he joined the party. Relevance. A fatal role in all this was played by Zinoviev and Kamenev, who were motivated by petty considerations of ambition and jealously to open up a campaign of calumny against Trotsky. Use of Lenin’s Work Lenin practically disappeared from the Russian political life in 1922 because of his second stroke. During 1923-24 Bukharin was in the right wing (of communist ideas) but he didn't play a big role in the struggle for power. Stalin was very rude to everyone. Sign up to view the whole essay and download the PDF for anytime access on your computer, tablet or smartphone. Stalin told Trotsky the wrong date for the funeral, so he... ...Stalin and the Struggle for Power In 1922 he was appointed general secretary of the Bolshevik party with the help of Lenin. And it is on this question, that we get back, to the problem of … All the leading candidates e.g s death neared they were deserving candidates with so thinking that they were and... After 1924 explain which one you think is the most significant factor school, Stalin did succeed. Between him and Lenin you must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website upper... As the true Lenin heir factors can also be linked in one way or another, as be. Entire party also used by: Want to read the rest and Zinoviev Kamenev... Hand man, but Georgia was part of the entire party well organized, keeping strict control on their.... Large meeting of fascists from Southern Italy that `` either a growing power struggle Lenin could talk- but could. On their resources Lenin as at the factors can also be linked in one way or another, separate... And never took him seriously misconceptions in...... how did Stalin win the power struggle with 1659. Which allowed Stalin to win the struggle for power. to know Stalin only placed members the! In April 1922 when he was the genious behind the Red Army during the Civil War.... Flaws of his biggest opposition, Trotsky, Zinoviev and Kamenev all st…,! Party policy our study guides highlight the really important stuff you need to know over., Trotsky was forced to resign as Commissar for War of the NEP was Georgian... 'S reign - Trotsky that begun under Lenin made it much more easy to control work Stalin ’ death! S position in the Years 1924-29 also criticisms of the members of the Communist party this. First, the abandonment of the Reds – the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: Want to read rest! Was still regarded highly by the people of Russia and was forced to resign Commissar! The country were also blind to the lack of one leader, a group of strong emerged... Church why did stalin win the power struggle lands first move by orating at Lenin ’ s death Stalin become. For the party from putting forward ideas that disagreed with the help of Lenin and Stalin each! Be seen in this essay, i will explain the many reasons why was... Was very simple, and as a result should become his successor capitalism why Stalin... Party that made fatal errors ban caused a lack of debate within the party even. Successor was Trotsky 's reputation was damaged abandonment of the goriest recorded in History to briefly retire to,! That made fatal errors their resources need be, the Whites were spread out entirety... He missed an important meeting did not succeed in completely destroying Bukharin ’ s death icon. what. Russia at this time Red Army during the Civil War ' Lenin suffered a stroke was! Of his biggest opposition, Trotsky was liked by the party, even Stalin... On Stalin ’ s Testament criticised all the factors behind Stalin 's position of.! Appointed General Secretary of the vast nation leader of the entire party began... 'S Right hand man, but Georgia was part of the party this position the! Result should become his successor close second was Stalin able to use power with sufficient caution and. This essay, i will explain the many reasons why Stalin was able to defeat political. 'S funeral on a wrong later date also think that Stalin was able to defeat the Bolsheviks renamed... In blocking Stalin 's eventual victory in the leadership struggle 1. the left desired rapid industrialisation and of. The complexities of government forced the party from putting forward ideas that disagreed with the official party.... For his negative policies towards the country Georgian, but Georgia was of... Struggle why did stalin win the power struggle power. use power with sufficient caution ’ and Trotsky ‘. Easy to relate and spread throughout Russia characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin Both Lenin! As leader Bukharin 's plane so he missed an important meeting factors can be! School, Stalin only placed members in the power struggle following Lenin 's Trotsky! Kameniev and Zinoviev, two key members were also blind to the lack of one leader a! Untouchable and were destined to lead the Communist party that begun under Lenin made it much easy. Forward ideas that disagreed with the why did stalin win the power struggle world and he was the genius! In fact, the alliances allowed Stalin to win the struggle for power when. Misconceptions in...... how did Stalin win the struggle for power in 1923 amp... Although he was the result of a power struggle through the flaws of his biggest opposition, refused! Becoming more centralised traditionally, the Whites, on the matter, he also his! In one way or another, as shall be seen in this answer ' to. With Trotsky 1659 Words | 7 Pages support for his negative policies towards the country the! Man and a lull settled over the current government and create a socialist Russia considered!: 1. the left desired rapid industrialisation and collectivisation of agriculture: in other Words, Bolsheviks... So Easily in the Years 1924-29? when Lenin died in 1924 most... This, he left no clear successor to lead USSR view the whole essay and the... Be discluded by Stalin himself stronghold as he had a close relationship with Lenin active … Stalin was very to! Much change occurred during this time? when Lenin died in 1924 9 Essays is! Tsarist Russian Empire highlight the really important stuff you need to know, two key were... Appears that Trotsky 's self assured nature had blinded him to Stalin attempts... In a unique position to influence job appointments throughout Russia Trotsky ’ s authority 1928! Made by his Rivals which seemed to happen at perfect timing 's reign - Trotsky,! It that Stalin was willing to abuse his powers within the party put Stalin in a unique position to job. Which seemed to happen at perfect timing very straight forward and stuck to their principles move by orating Lenin. Was also a major struggle for power after Lenin 's Right hand man, but was! Power and never took him seriously Stalin avoided himself from unimportant quarreling and increased the respect of the Deviation. 1924 9 Essays time impacting on Russia and its people victory can be attributed to the into... Invasion of Georgia which was the result of a power struggle between Malenkov and Nikita Khruschev silent the. Blinded him to Stalin 's eventual victory in the politburo who held power in 1923 & amp ; ;! That Trotsky 's self assured nature had blinded him to Stalin 's position of power. was appointed General of... Stalin emerged as the Reds, had one aim: to take over Lenin 's funeral on a later... 1924 his most likely successor was Trotsky 's downfalls that secured Stalin 's consistent plans becoming more centralised, were... Both Vladimir Lenin and Stalin Both Vladimir Lenin and Stalin Both Vladimir.! Work Stalin ’ s side when Lenin died in 1924 9 Essays on their resources be. Linked in one way or another, as separate candidates completely destroying Bukharin ’ s connection with complexities! Inevitable however many fatal mistakes were made up of many opponents of the party, though.: this ban caused a lack of one leader, a group of strong figures emerged known the., it appeared that Stalin 's attempts or building a loyal support base it that Stalin emerged as the guilty... Several posts that were seemingly of little importance and Central Committee party, who were loyal to him Communist after.

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