why is the equator hot
There are several factors that influence the amount of sunshine received at various places on the earth. If the sun shines equally in almost all areas, why are regions around the equator hotter than areas around the poles? Earth at the beginning of each season. Below is an explanation of why equatorial regions are very hot, including direct vs indirect sunshine, the reflection of sunrays, and atmospheric differences. Earth's Equator (spelled with capital E) is a specific case of a planetary equator.It is about 40,075 km (24,901 mi) long, of which 78.8% lies across water and 21.3% over land. Countries around the equator like Africa are also hot. So that would mean that the sun rays falling straight on earth are hotter than the rays falling in a slanting way. Countries, towns and cities located around the equator experience hot weather throughout the year. The sun is always close to the sun, or at least closer than the poles are, so the equator is hot from more sunlight and the poles are clod from little sunlight. But why is the equator very hot and the poles very cold? The sun shines right at the equator so there for it makes it hot.its because it is closer to the sun, the rays of the sun fall directly on it. What Are the Steps of Presidential Impeachment? The equator is hot because it is closer to the sun. During the Autumn and Spring equinoxes, the Sun crosses directly over the Equator, resulting in a rise in intensity of sunlight, and consequently an increase in temperature. One such region is the. Equator, great circle around the Earth that is everywhere equidistant from the geographic poles and lies in a plane perpendicular to the Earth’s axis. Since the earth is a sphere, the light rays from the sun do not hit all areas of the earth at the same angle and intensity. The earth is tilted 23.5 degrees on its axis and remains tilted throughout the year. These alternative factors include differences in atmosphere between the equator and the poles, and reflection off areas that are often covered in snow. Regarding reflection, snow can cause about 75 to 95 percent of sunlight to be reflected back away from the earth. Lowland rainforest along the northern coast of Ecuador. The History of the United States' Golden Presidential Dollars, How the COVID-19 Pandemic Has Changed Schools and Education in Lasting Ways. 1 decade ago. poles are far from Sun,but equator is nearer so more sunlight,so hot the equator. It’s about 2,300 miles from the equator, which is close enough to mean it receives a lot of the sun’s energy, especially at the end of the year. Further away from the equator, the influence of the on-shore Trade Winds, gives rise to a modified type of equatorial climate with monsoonal influences. Linked to this misconception is another misconception that Earth’s seasons are as a result of the distance of the Earth from the sun. Of course not, the sunlight hasn't got much power that early. When the surface sand was very hot, the bottom layer of sand was still cool, plus the desert did not have water evaporating to drain the heat, so when the Sun stood glossy, the temperature in the desert increased very quickly, the face the sand is scorching hot. Sunlight falling on the Equator generates rising air currents that help in the formation of clouds over equatorial regions, which then cause rains and thunderstorms. The equator is one of five lines of latitude used to help people navigate the world. It's an imaginary line that divides the Earth into two equal halves, and it forms the halfway point between the South Pole and the North Pole at 0 degrees latitude, according to National Geographic. Below is an explanation of why equatorial regions are very hot, including direct vs indirect sunshine, the reflection of sunrays, and atmospheric differences. So, if the same amount of light rays fall on two different surfaces. 1 0. nick s. Lv 6. | Physics - 120 ... NA The other four include the Arctic Circle, the Antarctic Circle, the Tropic of Cancer, and the Tropic of Capricorn.. Because the Earth is a sphere, the equator—the middle line—is significantly longer than any of the other lines of latitude. However, the earth's distance from the sun is so great that there really is no noticeable difference in distance from the sun. Equatorial Hot Regions. What Does George Soros' Open Society Foundations Network Fund? Fact Check: Is the COVID-19 Vaccine Safe? Still have questions? Thus, the sun rays cover a large area due to the tilt and also do not hit all the areas with the same angle and intensity. When the sun’s rays reach the earth, some of it is reflected back to the atmosphere and does not get to warm the area. Throughout the year, regions close to the Equator experience a warm climate with minimal seasonal variation. The presence of more air molecules and particles result in greater absorption and scattering of sun rays. Mithu2009vip. This is the reason why every part of our planet is not equally hot. Would you go and sunbathe at 7am in summer? Other factors can affect temperatures as well, but not as greatly as the angle of sunlight. However, the sun is so far away from the earth that it shines almost equally at the poles and equator. The Amount of Sunshine Received at the Equator While the sun shines almost equally in all parts of the earth, the equator is exposed to a high amount of direct sunlight than the poles. Have you wondered why? The climate type is denoted by the abbreviation Af in the Köppen-Geiger-Pohl system. Tropical lowland rainforests are vegetation types found in the ever-wet tropics that are dominated by broad-leaved evergreen trees. The U.S. Supreme Court: Who Are the Nine Justices on the Bench Today? The Causes And Effects Of Ocean Pollution. Here’s a somewhat mathematical look at why it is hotter at the equator that at the poles. On the equator, the sun rays fall straight where as on either side of the equator they fall at an angle. How Does the 25th Amendment Work — and When Should It Be Enacted. The state of Florida closer to the equator than any of the other 48 contiguous states, but that’s not the only reason it feels so hot. It is a common misconception that the equator is hotter due to it being closer to the sun than other areas of the earth. Arizona is Close to the Equator and has Higher Elevation. This is why the areas lying on the Equator experience lower temperatures, and are not the hottest on the planet (contrary to what you might assume about the equatorial regions). Its greatest extent is found in the lowlands of the Amazon, the Congo, Malaysia and the East Indies. The Nature of Soil in These Areas:- I told you earlier that these areas are mostly the deserts and the … Source(s): my knowledge. 0 1. Earth's equator is sometimes viewed as a bit of a virtual wall that separates the climates of the northern and southern hemispheres. In addition, clouds and rain on the equator are much more than in the desert. While the sun shines almost equally in all parts of the earth, the equator is exposed to a high amount of direct sunlight than the poles. Areas with snow reflect back up to 95% of the incoming sunshine. The Sun. Within this region, the rays of the sun come down vertically, it is always hot here. Therefore, the light hitting the equator does so in a more concentrated manner. The Tropical Region, or the Equatorial Region, extends beyond the Equator to 23.5 degrees North latitude and to 23.5 degrees south latitude. The equatorial, hot, wet climate is found between 5° and 10° north and south of the equator. From National Weather Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Web site. The area that receives direct light rays is the equator while the other surface that receives light rays “indirectly” is the polar region. It's easy - read Lindajun above. “The current hot and dry spell in the UK is partly due a combination of North Atlantic Ocean temperatures, climate change and the weather,” said Professor Shaffrey. On one surface, the light rays are directly overhead and concentrated in a specific area while on the other surface the light rays reach the surface from a slightly slanted angle and spread over a larger area. The effect is that the area that directly receives light rays over a small area is likely to be hotter than the surface that receives light “indirectly” over a large area. Half the year the northern hemisphere is tilted away from the sun while the southern hemisphere is tilted towards the sun and vice versa in the other half of the year. Source(s): Primary School. Get an answer to your question “Why is Hawaii not to hot, even though it is close to the equator? This effect can be demonstrated using a torch, which can be taken as the sun. The equator is important as a reference point for navigation and geography. Because Florida lies so close to the equator, it receives stronger sunlight than the rest of the country.
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